There are animals that we’ve heard about or have even seen in real life that are joining the list of endangered animals. Even ones that are held captive by humans. There are many organizations that are working diligently just to save the lives of animals living in marine and on land, but even after all this effort being made by all these organizations, the main reason behind the endangerment of these animals is illegal poaching and annihilation of their natural habitat. Due to this, there has been a rapid decrease in the animal population. Among others, two subspecies of giraffes joined this list of endangered species i.e. Kordofan and Nubian and this has happened for the first time.
It’s alarming how the number of giraffes has declined, around 40% and that’s only in the last three decades. It comes to us as no surprise that the main reason behind their decline is the destruction caused by human beings. The giraffes has been shifted from “least concern” to “vulnerable” according to a report by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Along with the illegal poaching being carried out by human beings, another reason for the decline of these animals is agriculture, mining and construction happening in Africa, where nine subspecies of giraffes are present. It has been stated by Dr. Julian Fennessy that these animals are seen everywhere in the wild, on the safari, and in zoos, but had no idea that they’re going under silent extinction. The decline rate isn’t as alarming in Southern Africa as much as in the Central, Eastern and Western Africa.
Out of nine subspecies, three are already endangered and it’s been quite some time now. You might be thinking why illegal poaching is carried out and according to Rothchild’s research, a giraffe’s bones and freshly severed heads can get you up to $140 each. While the endangerment of these species has been announced, the rate of poaching hasn’t dropped at all. Instead, the prices have been raised resulting in increased poaching.
The decline rate is so much that it’ll take the effort of conservationists, the government and the people to save the species from becoming extinct. The silent extinction of these animals might be very close if things remain the same. Effort must be made to bring back numbers to what they were once. It’s easier said than done and it’ll probably take years, but slow progress is still progress.
We don’t want our next generation to only hear about how giraffes were and look at their images just like we hear about dinosaurs and dodo birds. The already existing anti-poaching laws aren’t doing much to save animals and serious measures have to be taken. The measures might slow down the economy and we’ll have to find alternatives, but something’s got to be done before these species become extinct. Many people are only thinking about their own species and being selfish by lacking empathy toward animals. What’s the point of being the king of land which only has concrete things and nothing more?
Smithsonian magazine states that there are two main threats that are being faced by the giraffes i.e. poaching and encroachment. They’re also being killed by village men in order to eat meat. They are also being slaughtered for their tails because they depict a status symbol of a family and are used in dowry in some cultures.
In addition to that, Dr. Fennessy states that out of all other problems being faced by the giraffes, the main problem is the lack of attention. It’s amazing that this animal has been going extinct for all these years and no one has had a single idea. Many people have no concern or knowledge whatsoever regarding the extinction of this species. It’s about time we start educating people to end habitat encroachment and poaching.